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Medical Cannabis in Minnesota Proves Successful in Fight Against Opioid Epidemic

As a physician with a clinical career spanning 14 years, I’ve been both trained and compelled to learn more and strive to care better. As such, upon recognizing the practitioner’s role in a multifactorial, pervasive, complex, systemic, escalating healthcare problem that has become formally acknowledged as America’s devastating prescription opioid epidemic, and federally acknowledged as a “Public Health Emergency,” I was inspired to pursue education and innovation over inertia and inaction.

For the last two years, the CDC has published data suggesting decreasing life expectancy despite increasing healthcare expenditure in the U.S. Opioids are now responsible for over 42,000 U.S. deaths annually and prescription drugs have become our nation’s leading cause of preventable death. More of us are dying from opioid overdoses than from either car accidents or gun violence.

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Medical Cannabis & Intractable Pain: Josh's Story

When Josh of Woodbury, Minnesota was 19, doctors found a blot clot; he was hospitalized for several weeks and put on blood thinners. Following his stay in the hospital, he developed venous ulcers on his feet from damages to his veins. Josh underwent multiple surgeries—including skin grafts—that were unsuccessful in removing his ulcers or bringing him the relief he deserved.

For nearly a decade, Josh lived in constant pain. His daily routine revolved around the meticulous care of his wounds and ulcers and managing his pain levels. A restful night’s sleep was rare; he only managed to sleep for 2 to 4 hours at a time. Half-way through the day his pain would start to increase and by the end of the day his feet were so swollen he would have trouble taking off his boots. Josh likens the pain to having barbed wire wrapped around his feet that was heated with a blow torch; the pain he felt on the side of his leg was like having glass jammed into it.

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Medical Cannabis & Cancer: Amy's Story

On June 1, 2016, Amy’s life—and all of her loved ones’ lives—changed forever; she was diagnosed with stage 4 metastatic breast cancer.

Amy—a wife, loving mother and entrepreneur who enjoys eating the incredible food made by her wife—lives in Saint Paul, Minnesota. She has started 2 businesses with her wife: Lucille’s Kitchen Garden and Midwest Pantry.

The first 6 months of treatment were especially trying not only physically, but mentally and spiritually as well. Amy took “really hard, tough” drugs, as she describes, and the chemotherapy would confine her to bed for 5 to 7 days each time. Throughout, she found herself anxious, nauseous and sleeping the majority of the time.

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Pharmacists' Role in the Minnesota Medical Cannabis Program

Unlike most other states, Minnesota’s Medical Cannabis Program is overseen by the Department of Health and mandates that MN licensed Pharmacists meet with patients to develop a plan of care. Product selection and dosing are determined by the Pharmacist in consultation with the patient.

Whether you are a prospective patient or you are simply curious about the patient experience at LeafLine Labs, we have consulted with our Pharmacy Team to provide insight on the role of pharmacists in the Minnesota medical cannabis program.

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Medical Cannabis, Fibromyalgia, & PTSD: Kim's Story

For Kim of Benson, Minnesota, it happened all at once. In the early winter of 2015, her father—who she adored—passed away and along with him, the remainder of her support system. She was devastated. Shortly after, she was diagnosed with shingles which took the chronic, widespread pain she lived in every day from fibromyalgia and multiplied it; the pain was horrific.

Kim, who has 5 dogs, 7 cats and several other four-legged friends (as well as two-legged), has been an animal lover since day one; when she was younger, she did not have dolls—she had pets. Raising and taking care of animals is a passion she shared with her father. She also loves to spend as much time outside as possible when she’s feeling up to it.

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Medical Cannabis, Intractable Pain, & PTSD: Kristina's Story

For Kristina of St. Cloud, Minnesota, her diagnoses of PTSD, Fibromyalgia, and a traumatic brain injury (TBI) brought a wave of relief for her and her loved ones. For decades, she did not know what was wrong with her; numerous doctors told her she was perfectly healthy and test results seemed to tell the same story.

Growing up, Kristina experienced bullying and harassment that eventually caused her to block out any memories of her childhood before age 10. When she was in high school, she started seeing a counselor to help her work through the feelings she was experiencing. Unfortunately, counseling was unsuccessful in bringing relief and as alternative treatment she was introduced to antidepressants.

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Medical Cannabis, Migraines, & Cluster Headaches: Mike's Story

“It feels like someone is pushing your eye out,” says Mike of Lakeville, Minnesota, on describing the pain he endures from cluster headaches. “Don’t worry, my condition isn’t contagious,” he jokes.

Mike is a husband, a father of two beautiful daughters and two dogs, and an avid runner. He has lived with vertigo off and on for most of his life, but it wasn’t until August 2016 that he started to experience excruciatingly painful cluster headaches and migraines. Once he was diagnosed, he spent most of the first four months confined to dark rooms, head on ice, with oxygen tanks ready at his side to help bring down the pain.

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Medical Cannabis, Muscle Spasms, Intractable Pain, & PTSD: Ed's Story

Meet Edmund (Ed), a Marine veteran, husband, father, grandfather, and patient at LeafLine Labs. Ed is a medically retired VA Field Examiner who enjoys hunting, fishing, gardening, and spending time with his wife and two dogs. Ed has been diagnosed with various forms of intractable pain, muscle spasms, and PTSD.

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Medical Cannabis, Tourette Syndrome, & Autism: Kyle's Story

Just before turning 3, Kyle Jr. was diagnosed on the Autism spectrum. Within the last year, Kyle, who turns 8 this summer, was also diagnosed with anxiety, ADHD, and Tourette Syndrome. Having tried 8+ different medications that either caused too many side effects or had no effect at all, his parents felt a wave of relief when they found out his Tourette Syndrome diagnosis qualified him for the medical cannabis program in Minnesota; they were out of options, and they so badly wanted to find relief for their eldest son.

Almost entirely non-verbal, Kyle Jr. would often get frustrated when he wasn’t able to communicate what he wanted or how he was feeling. “He was so angry all of the time,” his mother, Kassidy, remembers.

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Medical Cannabis & Intractable Pain: Randy's Story

In 1989 while serving in the United States Navy, Randy sustained an injury along his cervical spine from C1 to T4. On September 21, 2016, Randy re-injured his cervical spine while undergoing a patient transport that lacked the proper ventilation equipment. His injuries eventually led to marrow edema from C1 to C3. He also developed degenerative disc disease and degenerative arthritis throughout the entirety of his cervical spine, which are both now progressing down into his thoracic spine into T4.

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