Intractable Pain

Medical Cannabis & Intractable Pain: Kaylie's Story

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When Kaylie of Woodbury, Minnesota was 15 she struggled with passing a kidney stone and underwent surgery. Six months post-surgery, Kaylie started to experience excruciating pain again similar to when she was passing her kidney stone. After going to some of the best doctors at Mayo Clinic and Cleveland Clinic, she was told her nerves connected to her kidney had been damaged and that she would live with the pain forever.

In the years after the life-altering news, Kaylie was diagnosed with a number of other conditions including endometriosis, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), migraines and interstitial cystitis (IC).

From 2012 to 2018, Kaylie was under the care of a number of different doctors with moving from Minnesota, to Michigan and back to Minnesota again. For a period of time she saw a doctor in Grand Rapids who prescribed her several different opioids; that doctor is now being prosecuted by the government for over-prescribing opioids to Medicaid patients.

Every day, Kaylie lived in excruciating, crippling pain. In June 2018, Kaylie was at her worst; she was bedridden 22 hours per day and was on 23 daily medications, including opioids every three to four hours. On top of all the medications, she would visit a pain clinic once per week for spinal injections.

“I thought her life was over,” her mother, Shannon shares, “All she wanted to do was eat, lay in her bed and cry.” Kaylie gained nearly 100 pounds from 2012 to 2018.

“There were times where I would wake up and I would feel my mom standing above me and putting her hand on me just to see if I was breathing,” Kaylie remembers.

Kaylie lost any will or ability to participate in her own life. “She wouldn’t go 20 minutes past her time to take her pills,” her mom says, “She had all these containers, all these pills. She’d sort them out, it was like a job. It was all she could think about and she carried them around everywhere.”

Desperate to find relief for Kaylie, her mother sent her to Oregon, where medical cannabis is legal, while they waited for her certification to go through for the medical cannabis program in Minnesota. Kaylie’s grandmother lives in Oregon, ultimately to save her life.

Kaylie was in Oregon for approximately one month, and in that time she was able to begin weaning off her prescriptions. Since she left in June 2018 and came back to Minnesota, she has only taken two pills to relieve her pain.

While her stay in Oregon was the catalyst for change in Kaylie’s health and wellbeing, Kaylie is now a patient at LeafLine Labs and continues to heal and reach important milestones. Other than medical cannabis, she is now down to three medications for things like depression and acne. She has weaned off of all prescription painkillers and no longer sees a pain specialist.

She has lost 40lbs and counting since January and is finally starting to feel herself again, physically and mentally. “She’s coming back to life,” her mom shares, “She’s a totally new person...her entire chemistry changed. She physically couldn’t even form sentences before [when she was on all of her prescriptions.]”

Although Kaylie has not yet returned to work, she plans to. This May, she is starting school again; she’s excited to get back to the classroom and learn, meet new people and to figure out what career path she’d like to pursue. At the moment, she’s interested in business and veterinary school.

“All the side effects are so much less. I can go to the bathroom on my own. I can enjoy time with my family, which I’ve noticed in the past almost year now that just laughing with them and enjoying time is what’s important,” Kaylie reflects, “I didn’t get that, I was always in my room. I don’t have many memories [from before medical cannabis]…it’s nice to just be able to giggle and have fun and enjoy life.”

Kaylie will always live with pain and other symptoms that come with her many diagnoses, but medical cannabis has become a life-changing tool for Kaylie in finding relief, naturally. Her quality of life has improved ten-fold. The difference from before medical cannabis and now for Kaylie is night and day, the same goes for her family.

Rather than counting pills and spending the overwhelming majority of her time in bed, wracked with pain, she has the desire and ability to live her life again. She has rediscovered her passion for cooking and spends time every day grocery shopping and preparing food for her loved ones. She is able to spend quality time with her sister and grow their relationship, something that wasn’t possible when she constantly in a fog from opioids and her other medications.

Kaylie is strong, resilient and determined to get the most out of her life. Her experiences have made her appreciate the smaller things in life and take nothing for granted; she is thankful each day for the hope, healing and stability that medical cannabis has brought her. Her family is ecstatic to have her back, and she is excited to move forward and see what she can create and accomplish.

Medical Cannabis, IBS & Intractable Pain: Vicki's Story

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LeafLine Labs patient, Vicki, was born and raised in Hibbing, Minnesota where she currently lives. She is a mother, a grandmother to four grandchildren, and has been with her significant other for over 14 years.

Vicki is a caregiver for her mother, who lives down the street, and she is passionate about helping people; she gets joy from inspiring smiles and laughter in others. She considers herself spiritual and meditates regularly. When she can, she incorporates yoga or pilates into her daily routine.

For the majority of her life, Vicki has lived with the pain, anxiety, and other symptoms that come with Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), Fibromyalgia, Arthritis, GERD, Celiac disease, and numerous other food allergies.

To treat her various conditions, she has tried a seemingly countless list of medications and physical therapy, but the relief was always minimal and the side effects many.

Vicki describes herself as a happy, outgoing person but for the past few years she did not quite feel like herself. Her health, both emotionally and physically, went into decline. She experienced more pain and anxiety and began to eat and sleep less. She remembers days where she would force herself to get up and out of her pajamas just of so that her significant other, Kevin, wouldn’t know she hadn’t gotten out of bed all day.

When Vicki first learned about the medical cannabis program in Minnesota, she assumed that the requirements to become a patient were more restrictive than they actually were; she thought that one had to have been diagnosed with cancer or another terminal illness.

When a friend recommended she get certified and she realized she could qualify with her conditions, Vicki decided she needed to make a drastic change and would do anything to get there.

Vicki had experimented with cannabis in the past as a way to self-medicate but didn’t quite feel as though she was getting the relief she had heard so much about; she was eager to see what differences she would experience after enrolling in the state’s program.

In October 2018, she had her conditions certified, enrolled in the program and scheduled an initial consultation at the LeafLine Labs patient care center in Hibbing.

Since her first appointment, Vicki’s life has taken a drastic turn for the best. “The medical cannabis has taken the inflammation out of my body; it has taken the pain away,” she shares.

Now, she is doing things once again that she hadn’t in over two years. She feels an undeniable difference and everyone around her has noticed the improvement in her mood and the way she moves about her life.

Amazingly, Vicki has not had to take a single prescription or over-the-counter painkiller since she began using medical cannabis. She still takes medication to help her sleep at night, but has been able to cut her dosing in half.

Since she was young, Vicki has lived with thyroid problems. Just the other day, her test results came back and she was told she needs to decrease her dosing of Synthroid, a drug that replaces or provides more thyroid hormones. Since 1994, Vicki has never tapered her use of thyroid medication, only increased; Vicki is ecstatic about this change and believes wholeheartedly that cannabis has helped her get to this milestone.

Feeling better and more optimistic than she has in quite some time, Vicki is eager to see what other firsts and progress come as she continues to use medical cannabis. “It has given me my life back,” she shares.

She is grateful to have the energy and desire once again to spend time with her loved ones, pursue her passions and to move about her day with newfound effort and ease.

Vicki with her son and daughter.

Vicki with her son and daughter.

Delivery Methods: Heather Topical Gel Cream

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Created to provide relief for localized pain, LeafLine Labs’ Heather Topical Gel Cream is the most cannabinoid-concentrated topical available to patients in Minnesota.

Heather is our 1:1 formulation; combining THC and CBD in roughly equal amounts has shown to work well together for pain-related conditions.

This product provides anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects while eliminating the psychoactive component often experienced when taking oral, inhaled, or centrally absorbed medical cannabis formats.

Topical formulations act on cannabinoid receptors without breaching the bloodstream, which allows for efficient pain relief while minimizing side effects.

This medication is dispensed in an easy-to-use bottle which includes a built-in applicator that provides a pre-measured dose with each pump. This product may be used independently or in combination with other LeafLine Labs products.

Our pharmacy team often recommends this type of medication for painful muscle spasm disorders, neuropathic pain, and select cancer-related pain.

How May Medical Cannabis Help Patients With Arthritis?

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Arthritis itself is not a qualifying condition for the medical cannabis program in Minnesota, however, LeafLine Labs treats many patients with arthritis who have qualified for the medical cannabis program under Intractable Pain.

Medical cannabis’ ability to reduce pain and inflammation is well established, and many patients currently being treated for arthritis symptoms at our care centers have reported greatly improved symptoms.

Every arthritis patient has unique needs, and a consultation with a LeafLine Labs pharmacist is the best way to determine what medications are most likely to work for their symptom profiles.

For example, one patient may be seeking greater pain relief and help sleeping through the night, and another patient may be trying to be more active with less pain during the day. These two patients would likely have different treatment plans. We can create virtually any custom ratio of CBD to THC and use what the patient feels works best for them.

Our goal with medical cannabis therapy is to help manage the symptoms of arthritis, such as reducing pain and inflammation, and to help improve patient’s quality of life as much as possible.

Medical Cannabis, Seizures, Autism & Intractable Pain: Lucas's Story

Lucas of Lakeville, Minnesota, is in many ways your typical 18-year-old boy. He loves girls, Will Ferrell movies, and sports--baseball is his favorite. He also loves some good potty humor, Elmo, and spending time with his big sister.

At age 3, Lucas was diagnosed on the autism spectrum and with cerebral palsy. Around the same age, his parents were told that he also suffered from seizures.

In addition to the seizures, Lucas would often inflict harm on himself or others. He was anxious, restless and would often struggle to get restful sleep. Some of Lucas’s behavioral tendencies has made it hard for his family to spend time out in their community. “Autism is our life,” his mother explained. Lucas and his family have spent many days at home watching TV.

To help manage symptoms and the progression of his diagnoses, Lucas was prescribed a number of different medications. Unfortunately, most of those medications came with side effects that required even more medications to manage them, adding to an already lengthy list of prescriptions. Nearly two years ago, Lucas’s cholesterol and triglyceride levels were so high that his doctor prescribed him Fenofibrate, a common drug for his condition but uncommon for someone so young.

After they had exhausted what seemed like every treatment option, Lucas’s physician recommended enrolling in the medical cannabis program in Minnesota. Interested in lowering the number of prescription medications he was taking and finding a more natural treatment option, his parents were immediately interested.

Since Lucas was young, Olivia had researched and kept in mind the possibility of medical cannabis as an alternative for him, but for years it wasn’t legal and she still had her hesitations once the program started in 2015. After Lucas’s physician certified his condition and they enrolled through the Minnesota Department of Health, it took nearly a month for his parents to decide to make an appointment at LeafLine Labs.

Now, Lucas experiences relief from pain and seizures without the long lists of side effects that prescription medications left him with; they have been able to wean him off most of his pharmaceuticals.

Lucas is mostly nonverbal and prefers not to be touched most of the time, but one of the words he uses frequently is cream. When he experiences pain from scoliosis, for which he is undergoing a spinal fusion surgery in mid-July, he will ask for his cream and stand perfectly still while one of his parents rubs the Heather Topical Gel Cream on his back. “It’s pretty incredible,” his mother remarked.

“As soon as the cannabis was given to him, the hitting of himself stopped. The violent outbursts with us stopped. It was like night and day,” Olivia shared. “I was really expecting him to start speaking and, you know, write his own name and all of these other miracles. I know they will happen someday, though. Just the fact that he stopped hurting himself was enough.”

Olivia describes Lucas as being more self-aware. “I feel like he’s in our world more than he used to be,” she said.

Lucas is thriving in his autism program at school and he is expected to graduate when he turns 21. He can sit in class, focus and not get distracted by what’s going on around him. His parents feel as though he’s learning and making cognitive gains more so than ever before and they haven’t noticed any seizures since he began taking medical cannabis.

He is more interested in participating in the world around him. The other day, his face lit up when his sister entered the room, his mother shared, whereas before he may not have even noticed.

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This past February, Lucas attended his second Night to Shine prom night experience, an event sponsored by the Tim Tebow Foundation for people with special needs age 14 and older. In contrast to his first time prior to medical cannabis, this last prom was a night-and-day difference. He wore his first tuxedo, he participated in activities and interacted with his peers, and he seemed more focused. “He really seemed to enjoy himself,” Olivia shared.

Lucas’s parents are amazed every day by the improvements in health, mood and behavior they’ve seen in their son, and they are eager to witness even more progress once he begins to heal from his spinal fusion surgery in July.

Looking back to the beginning of Lucas’s journey with medical cannabis, Olivia’s only regret is not making an appointment immediately. “It could have been one more month that he had this medicine,” she said.
 

Intractable Pain, Obstructive Sleep Apnea & Medical Cannabis: Tony's Story

Meet Tony, a LeafLine Labs patient who lives in Apple Valley, Minnesota. He is your not-so-typical ‘retired’ (as he likes to call it) 25 year old. He graduated from Augsburg College with a degree in Management Information Systems. He’s sharp, smart, and has a great sense of humor. A self-proclaimed music critic, he runs his own blog where he shares his thoughts on the best and worst of the industry. He enjoys going to movies, playing video games, and spending time outside as much as he can.

Tony grew up walking, running, and participating in all the activities of a typical childhood. When he was 4 ½ years old, he started showing signs of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD), a disorder of progressive muscular weakness most commonly found in boys. To help manage symptoms of DMD, Tony began taking steroid injections.

Although the steroids helped to slow the progression of DMD, they did not come without side effects. Most notably, he stopped growing around age 12. He also experienced cataracs, high blood pressure and often crippling anxiety. His appetite was small, at best, most of the time. He was later diagnosed with Obstructive Sleep Apnea.

Tony’s calf muscles were the first part of his body weakened by DMD, which caused him to walk on his tiptoes. In middle school his overall mobility was quite affected. By high school Tony was using a wheelchair.

The combination of side effects from steroid injections, the chronic pain from sitting in a wheelchair all day, and the stress and physical toll a lack of sleep takes on the body led him to to enroll in the medical cannabis program here in Minnesota in November 2016.

Prior to enrolling, Tony and his family--mom, dad, and brother--took part in petitioning the addition of Intractable Pain to the medical cannabis program in Minnesota. They’ve attended rallies at the capitol and consider themselves advocates for cannabis as medicine.

Tony and his parents struggled to find a physician who would certify his condition. Eventually, they were referred to a physician who was willing to help and was actively certifying patients for the medical cannabis program. “It was challenging. Worth it, but I wish it was easier,” his mother, Carol said.

Since beginning cannabinoid therapy with medicine from LeafLine Labs, Tony’s life has been changed for the better. His quality of life, as well as his family’s, has increased significantly. His appetite is back, he has real, lasting pain relief, and his anxiety is manageable. He can sleep through the night. He can spend longer periods of times doing the things he loves, and he can also spend more time in his wheelchair without his back hurting. He is completely off steroids. “It makes everything better,” Tony said.

As parents and caregivers, Carol and Steve, have found an incredible amount of relief in seeing the changes in their son’s mobility, mood, and overall quality of life. His diagnoses have helped them, as well as his brother, appreciate their own health and not take anything for granted.

Tony and his family work every day to embrace and embody the adage “Live life to your fullest," and medical cannabis has been a key component in allowing all of them to do just that. One of the perks of his situation? “Handicap parking,” Tony joked. Remember that great sense of humor?

Tony’s piece of advice for anyone considering enrolling in the medical cannabis program here in Minnesota: “Don’t pass it by without giving it a chance…”

 

Medical Cannabis & Intractable Pain: Josh's Story

When Josh of Woodbury, Minnesota was 19, doctors found a blot clot; he was hospitalized for several weeks and put on blood thinners. Following his stay in the hospital, he developed venous ulcers on his feet from damages to his veins. Josh underwent multiple surgeries—including skin grafts—that were unsuccessful in removing his ulcers or bringing him the relief he deserved.

For nearly a decade, Josh lived in constant pain. His daily routine revolved around the meticulous care of his wounds and ulcers and managing his pain levels. A restful night’s sleep was rare; he only managed to sleep for 2 to 4 hours at a time. Half-way through the day his pain would start to increase and by the end of the day his feet were so swollen he would have trouble taking off his boots. Josh likens the pain to having barbed wire wrapped around his feet that was heated with a blow torch; the pain he felt on the side of his leg was like having glass jammed into it.

Josh was prescribed a lengthy list of pills, including opioids, which brought only minute levels of pain relief and riddled him with a number of side effects, including digestion issues. Other treatments Josh tried consisted of: medical ablation (which was done approximately 10 times), compression socks, air socks, elevating his legs above his head and blood thinners. None of these treatments were successful.

He was told by one physician that he could not be helped, so he looked for care elsewhere.

When one of Josh’s physicians recommended medical cannabis as a treatment option, he was apprehensive. Exhausted and in need of relief, Josh was considering amputating his leg before trying medical cannabis. With the encouragement of his physician and friends in other states who had either experienced or witnessed healing from the medicine, he decided to try it for 2 months. He made an appointment at LeafLine Labs in Saint Paul; it was his last resort.

Within the first week, he began to experience the relief he had been in search of for nearly a decade. He had a surge in energy, he was able to lower the number pain pills he was consuming right away, and was able to sleep for a full 8 hours for the first time in months.

“Luckily, I have seen real healing ever since starting medical cannabis. I never saw that before,” Josh says.

Now, he can focus better. He has been able to get back to the gym and in the last 6 months has lost 60 pounds. He eats regularly.  Josh still takes muscle relaxers and medications for his veins, but has been able to completely ween of all opioids. He feels better in his own body, more alive. His quality of life has drastically increased since he began using medical cannabis, and for the first time in years he has a renewed sense of hope for the future. Both Josh and his wife are eager to continue seeing him make progress and heal.

“…It’s life changing. When you are in a lot of pain, you look at everything with doom and gloom,” Josh shares, “When you are not in pain, there is a lot more joy and happiness. Life is easier.”

Medical Cannabis, Fibromyalgia, & PTSD: Kim's Story

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For Kim of Benson, Minnesota, it happened all at once. In the early winter of 2015, her father—who she adored—passed away and along with him, the remainder of her support system. She was devastated. Shortly after, she was diagnosed with shingles which took the chronic, widespread pain she lived in every day from fibromyalgia and multiplied it; the pain was horrific.

Kim, who has 5 dogs, 7 cats and several other four-legged friends (as well as two-legged), has been an animal lover since day one; when she was younger, she did not have dolls—she had pets. Raising and taking care of animals is a passion she shared with her father. She also loves to spend as much time outside as possible when she’s feeling up to it.

Kim was diagnosed with fibromyalgia back in 1996 and in 2015 when the shingles came, a pain she never could have imagined accompanied it. Although the rash from the shingles virus only lasted about 2 weeks, Kim suffered permanent nerve damage that she will live with for the rest of her life. She tried every solution her doctor recommended—from anti-seizure medications, to opioids and topical medications—but nothing worked. “I tried all of the heavy stuff, and it didn’t touch it. It didn’t even touch [the pain].”

In January 2017 when the pain was so excruciating and debilitating that she had to give up the deer she and her father had raised – all 43 of them – she felt as though she had nothing left to live for; there have been many days when the pain led to her question whether she wanted to live any longer.

“It’s very emotionally painful as much as it is physically painful. People just don’t understand [my situation],” Kim says, “…Take something that you’ve lived for and then never do it again. I don’t know how else to explain it.”

Once Kim’s doctor recommended she look into medical cannabis, she did not hesitate; medical cannabis was her last resort. Once her condition had been certified and she was added into the state registry, she made an appointment at LeafLine Labs.

It took approximately a month for Kim to find her therapeutic dose but now that she has, she has started to feel better than she can ever remember—that’s how long she has been living in pain.

“It’s a necessity is what it is now,” she explains, “To me, it’s no different than somebody that needs heart medication. If you don’t take this, you’re going to die.”

Before medical cannabis, she describes her quality of life, on a scale from 1 to 10, at 1. Now, with medical cannabis there are days where she feels so good, so normal, that she forgets to take her dose. She has been able to stop taking all of her prescription pain killers and is now free of all the side effects that came with them.

“I don’t even take Aspirin or Ibuprofen [for the pain]. At all,” she shares.

Kim feels as though the medical cannabis helps to relieve all pain from the nerve damage caused by shingles and she has yet to experience any side effects from her medicine. She truly believes that if her parents had been able to use medical cannabis when they were sick that their quality of life would have been drastically better before they passed. Medical cannabis helps Kim to care for her pets, spend time outside, and navigate her days in comfort; the relief she experiences gives her hope for the future.

Medical Cannabis, Intractable Pain, & PTSD: Kristina's Story

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For Kristina of St. Cloud, Minnesota, her diagnoses of PTSD, Fibromyalgia, and a traumatic brain injury (TBI) brought a wave of relief for her and her loved ones. For decades, she did not know what was wrong with her; numerous doctors told her she was perfectly healthy and test results seemed to tell the same story.

Growing up, Kristina experienced bullying and harassment that eventually caused her to block out any memories of her childhood before age 10. When she was in high school, she started seeing a counselor to help her work through the feelings she was experiencing. Unfortunately, counseling was unsuccessful in bringing relief and as alternative treatment she was introduced to antidepressants.

During the decades before she was diagnosed, she was prescribed more pills than she could count from her psychiatrists and pain specialists, though the pain relief she experienced was not nearly significant enough to outweigh the side effects. In 2004 while taking her three children for a walk, Kristina and her family were struck by a distracted driver. Luckily, there were no fatalities, but Kristina and her youngest son sustained TBIs—both of which were not correctly diagnosed until years later.

Come 2011, Kristina was diagnosed with PTSD and it wasn’t until 2013—nearly 10 years after being struck by a car—that she was diagnosed with Fibromyalgia (which they believed was in-part due to PTSD) and a TBI. Putting a name to her conditions meant being able to pursue a more targeted treatment regimen, but her health care practitioners continued to prescribe pills—she overdosed several times.

When Kristina inquired about medical cannabis as a treatment option, her neurologist at a major health care system in St. Cloud refused to continue seeing her. This sent her into a dark spiral of depression and she embarked on a year-long journey to find a physician who would certify her for the medical cannabis program. There were times when she believed taking her life was the only way to find relief from her own thoughts and pain.

As she describes it, she lost herself. Kristina was in a constant fog. She was confined within the walls of her home, unable to participate in the world and to be the mother her children needed and she so desperately wanted to be. She could not put on makeup, shower, do the dishes, or even wear shoes because of the pain flares that come with Fibromyalgia. When she was able to muster the strength and will to attend family events, she would be bed-ridden and recuperating for weeks at a time afterwards.

Exhausted and in dire need of something that would improve—and quite frankly save—her quality of life, she was able to find a physician who would certify her for the medical cannabis program in December 2016. Once approved in the registry, she made an appointment at LeafLine Labs.

Although her qualifying condition was intractable pain, Kristina shares that she has seen the biggest improvements with symptoms related to PTSD. She is appreciative of how willing the pharmacists at LeafLine Labs are in treating all of her conditions, not just those that qualified her for the program.

Once she began using medical cannabis, it took about 10 weeks for her to be weaned off her pain medications and 5 months until she was off everything, including the medications she was prescribed to treat PTSD. “It was really hard,” she admits.

She felt like giving up many times due to withdrawals, pain and a racing heart, but she remained persistent and patient. Kristina’s loving husband, Byron—as well as her family and friends—were and continue to be supportive, compassionate, and understanding of her journey toward an improved quality of life. Today, she isn’t entirely healed and still must deal with symptoms from her conditions, but both she and her husband agree that her progress has been life-changing.

Kristina is now off of all pain killers and prescription pills she was prescribed for PTSD, Fibromyalgia, and her TBI. Not only is she willing, but also able, to leave her house again. She can do the dishes, put on her makeup, and wear shoes—at least for much longer periods than before. When she is able to attend family events, she can recuperate much faster and isn’t confined to her bed for weeks at a time. “I feel like myself once again,” Kristina says.

Before medical cannabis, she says she had no quality of life at all. Now, each day her quality of life is, on a scale from 1 to 10, anywhere from a 9 to 10. As for her pain, which used to be a 9 or 10 on any given day, it has been reduced to a more manageable range of 1 to 3.

Most importantly, Kristina can once again be a mother to her children. She can take her youngest son, who has been diagnosed on the autism spectrum and who has a fear of dogs, on walks outside. “I found myself. I’m back,” she gushes.

Last year for prom dress shopping, Kristina’s daughter was accompanied by her aunt because Kristina’s conditions prevented her from comfortably leaving the house. This spring, Kristina is overwhelmed with joy that she will be able take her daughter shopping to find the perfect prom dress; she attributes this monumental mother-daughter-first to medical cannabis from LeafLine Labs. Kristina, her husband, and her support system of friends and family are hopeful and excited to see what progress will be made as she continues to use this safe, natural medicine.

Medical Cannabis, Migraines, & Cluster Headaches: Mike's Story

“It feels like someone is pushing your eye out,” says Mike of Lakeville, Minnesota, on describing the pain he endures from cluster headaches. “Don’t worry, my condition isn’t contagious,” he jokes.

Mike is a husband, a father of two beautiful daughters and two dogs, and an avid runner. He has lived with vertigo off and on for most of his life, but it wasn’t until August 2016 that he started to experience excruciatingly painful cluster headaches and migraines. Once he was diagnosed, he spent most of the first four months confined to dark rooms, head on ice, with oxygen tanks ready at his side to help bring down the pain.

In the following months, Mike experienced cycles of pain so extreme and debilitating that he could no longer work or carry on with normal day-to-day functions. To treat the pain, Mike’s physician prescribed him Verapamil. Although the medication was very effective, he experienced low blood pressure and a low heart rate and it often left him feeling out of breath. Mike attempted to lower the doses he was taking, but the headaches would get worse each time. Looking for another option, his physician recommended he try Topamax—a ‘nasty, nasty’ drug as Mike describes it, “It’s almost like you’re on heroin walking around,” Mike says, “it really dumbs you down.”

Other prominent side effects from his medications included slurred speech, tingling throughout his entire body, fatigue and a foggy state of mind.

When Mike’s vertigo was at its worst, he decided to pursue self-medication. As an alternative to smoking—he didn’t care for the way it made his lungs feel or some of the other side effects—he began to make cannabis tea. When the tea helped, it would bring his pain and nausea, on a scale from 1 to 10, down from 8 to 4. “That’s the difference between being stuck in bed or being able to go out and cut the grass,” Mike explains.

The issue with making his own tea was that he was never quite sure what he was getting—what chemicals or fertilizers were used or what combinations of compounds were in the cannabis. Sometimes, he would have one cup and he would experience just the right amount of relief; other times, he would have one cup and would be over-medicated and confined to bed—the outcome he was trying to avoid in the first place.

Looking for more consistency and reliability in his pain management with the cluster headaches, Mike decided to pursue enrolling in the Minnesota medical cannabis program. In search of more information before making an appointment, Mike called LeafLine Labs. He remembers everyone he spoke to as helpful, professional, polite and kind, which gave him the confidence he needed to make his decision. He scheduled an initial consult with a pharmacist at LeafLine Labs.

Today, Mike’s pain generally ranges anywhere from 3 to 5, rather than 7 to 9. On his best days, medical cannabis helps to dull the pain from 2 to 3—which in Mike’s book is considered 0. With 3 on the pain scale, Mike can still do work around his home or spend time with his family, rather than being out of commission and unable to participate in his own life. The other benefit that Mike enjoys with the cannabis is the ability to sleep. When the headaches were at their peak he was sleeping 2 to 3 hours per night. He now regularly gets 8 hours. “The cannabis, it’s been huge. It’s just been huge,” Mike says, “It didn’t cure me or anything like that, but it suppresses the pain… Cannabis is one of my tools in this fight.”

Medical Cannabis & Intractable Pain: Randy's Story

In 1989 while serving in the United States Navy, Randy sustained an injury along his cervical spine from C1 to T4. On September 21, 2016, Randy re-injured his cervical spine while undergoing a patient transport that lacked the proper ventilation equipment. His injuries eventually led to marrow edema from C1 to C3. He also developed degenerative disc disease and degenerative arthritis throughout the entirety of his cervical spine, which are both now progressing down into his thoracic spine into T4.

Before medical cannabis, Randy describes his quality of life as non-existent. The multitude of narcotic drugs used to treat his chronic pain robbed him of the ability to breathe on his own, forcing him to use a ventilator while sleeping due to central sleep apnea caused by the Oxycodone. On a scale from 1 to 10, his pain ranged from 7 to 10 and he was sick to his stomach constantly. He would spend his days sitting in a neutral position, moving as little as possible, to subdue his nausea. More often than not, he would go several days at a time without eating, and driving a car was out of the question. At one point, he was taking over 500 pills per month.

Wanting to find a more natural, sustainable path to relief and diminish his long list of prescription medications, Randy decided to enroll in the Minnesota medical cannabis program. Once he found a physician to certify his condition, he found the process to be much easier than he had initially imagined.

Now, his pain is finally under control and he rates it from 3 to 5 rather than 7 to 10. Randy has been able to eliminate Oxycodone, Etodolac, Nortriptyline, Venlafaxine, Tizanidine, Methocarbamol, Cyclobenzaprine and Lisinopril. Aside from an inhaler and allergy medications, he is free of pain killers and prescription medications. His blood pressure is down to a healthy level and he has been able to lose a healthy amount of excess weight. He no longer has central sleep apnea or peripheral pitting edema in his extremities and his obstructive sleep apnea seems to be going away. Finally, Randy feels as though his body is working the way that it was meant to and beginning to heal itself.

“Marijuana has saved the life I was given,” Randy says, “The horror stories are wrong… it’s definitely worth trying.”

The Minnesota Medical Cannabis Program: Setting a Gold Standard

Minnesota’s Medical Cannabis Program is unique - but how, exactly? To help break it down, we’ve compiled a list of components that sets the program here in Minnesota apart from those in other states.

No smoked or ingested plant

LeafLine Labs processes plants into botanical extract-based medications.  Doses of cannabinoids (THC and CBD) are formulated, standardized and tested. Medications are formulated based on researched cannabinoid and terpene data, not simply strain-based, user-experience and marketing lingo common in Colorado, Washington and other locations where smoked cannabis is most common. Here, each medication is the same every month and can be dosed accordingly.

Lab tested medication

A third party independent lab tests all medicine to ensure quality and consistency of medications, just like other pharmaceuticals.

Professional medication therapy management

Minnesota Licensed Pharmacists educated in medical cannabinoid therapy and dosing provide care for patients at every LeafLine Labs Care Center. They are specially trained and responsible for objective dosing with our various medication forms, and they are able to adjust dosing and pharmaceutical management based on a patient’s other medications and disease processes.  They can then coordinate with their patient’s physician, similar to the team-based pharmacy approach utilized in most hospitals.

All Medical Cannabis patients are in the state’s research registry

Minnesota is the first state to focus on capturing data related to all patients enrolled in the Medical Cannabis Program. The registry also functions as a checks-and-balances system to ensure patients are only receiving the medication amount that the pharmacist has approved.

Physicians (Health Care Practitioners) certify that patients have qualifying conditions, but aren’t responsible for “recommending” Medical Cannabis

Just like in the hospital inpatient or emergency department setting, physicians provide a patient’s overall medical care but coordinate with the licensed pharmacist who calculates the complex dosing and titration of this unique medicine. In Minnesota, patients must continue to see their physician in order to stay certified in the program which ensures close follow up.

Questions? We’re here to answer them for you. For more information about LeafLine Labs and the Medical Cannabis Program in Minnesota, visit our website here: http://leaflinelabs.com

My Medical Cannabis Story: A Letter From Lee

Hi,

First and foremost I want to thank everyone at LeafLine Labs for all of your life changing work you do. It is not just a job, a task for you, but a mission to help people live with less pain and more happiness.

A few weeks before I had my first dose of Heather, I was in constant pain. I suffer from severe and persistent muscle spasms, extreme pain from spinal stenosis and nerve damage. I also have fibromyalgia and was not having any luck with a variety of prescription medications. I have two beautiful little girls and I was no longer able to hold them without pain and almost immediate intense spasms. Due to narcotic pain meds, I started retaining urine and had to use a catheter. At 33, this was a crushing moment for me. I started to think about my future and what was in store for me. Was this my life going forward? NO! I refused to take 30+ pills a day to get minimal relief. I did my research and decided to pursue getting registered. I was very apprehensive and was worried about what my family would think. Within an hour of my first dose, my back spasms were gone! My pain had decreased from a 9 to a 3! When I told my family they were not only happy for me but very supportive. With a few consults with Ethan, we added the Tangerine for nighttime use and I have never felt better. I owe LeafLine Labs a lifetime of gratitude. I ask those who are hesitant about medical cannabis to do some research on how it is used in Minnesota. You will find that it is a very structured program and has actually helped many many people suffering from life crippling conditions live a much happier life. Thank you, LeafLine Labs! You folks are amazing!

Regards,

Lee

Intolerable vs. Intractable: A Medical Cannabis Patient’s Story

On August 1, 2016, Ralph became the first patient in the Minnesota Medical Cannabis Program to meet with a pharmacist to treat Intractable Pain. Since beginning treatment with medical cannabis, Ralph has seen an incredible improvement in his quality of life, while his pain has decreased significantly. Here is Ralph’s story:

“As a never before cannabis user (I was already a Dad in the 60s), I bought into the “counter-culture” reputation of marijuana, and didn’t have it on my radar when I became a victim of intractable pain in my eighth decade. Differentiating “intractable” vs. “intolerable” is important because after post-surgical pain never resolved, shingles complicated the healing, and opioids never really eliminated my pain, I continued to slog through days of what I call “functional discomfort.” The pain was always there, dragging me down, and though I could get through the days “tolerably”, I never felt like more than 50% of me was participating in the life I had known. Unable to sleep due to the pain, the opioids only knocked me out enough to doze, and kept me foggy during the day. I expected cannabis to reduce my pain and relieve me from the opioid fog, but the adjunct effects are just as profound: My sleep is much improved, my Essential Tremor is greatly diminished, my sociability is back, I can enjoy my yard work again, and my wife tells me I’m 10 years younger!

LeafLine Labs has restored my enjoyment of life. The pain management is wonderful, too!

- Ralph S.”